This is the documentation for older versions of Odoo (formerly OpenERP).

See the new Odoo user documentation.

See the new Odoo technical documentation.

Complete workflow from supplier to customer

Now you'll follow a practical example by adapting stock management operations. In order you'll see:

  • defining a new product,

  • initial setting of inventory,

  • receiving products from a supplier,

  • delivering to a customer,

  • analysis of the state of stock.

Defining a new product

To start, define the following product:

Product Definition

字段

默认值

名称

Central Heating Type 1

类型CODE

CCT1

Product Type

Stockable Product

Supply Method

Buy

Use the menu Products ‣ Products, then click New to define a new product.

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Definition of a new product

Three fields are important for stock management when you're configuring a new product:

  • Product Type,

  • Procure Method,

  • Supply Method.

Product Types

The product type indicates if the product is handled in stock management and if OpenERP manages its procurement. The three distinct product types are:

  • Stockable Product : this product is used in stock management and its replenishment is more or less automated as defined by the rules established in the system. Examples, a bicycle, a computer or a central heating system.

  • Consumable : handled in stock management, you can receive it, deliver it and make it. But its stock level isn't managed by the system. OpenERP assumes that you've got sufficient levels in stock at all time, so it doesn't restock it automatically. Example, nails.

  • Service : doesn't appear in the various stock operations. Example, a consulting service.

Procure Methods – Make to Stock and Make to Order

The procure method determines how the product will be replenished:

  • Make to Stock : your customers are supplied from available stock. You procure a set quantity of each product when its stock is too low. Example, a classic distributor.

  • Make to Order : when a customer order is confirmed, you then procure or manufacture the products for this order. A customer order 'Make to Order' won't modify stock in the medium term because you restock with the exact amount that was ordered. Example, computers from a large supplier assembled on demand.

You find a mix of these two modes used for the different final and intermediate products in most industries. The procurement method shown on the product form is a default value for the order, enabling the salesperson to choose the best mode for fulfilling a particular order by varying the sales order parameters as needed.

The figures Change in stock for a product managed as Make to Stock and Change in stock for a product managed as Make to Order show the change of stock levels for one product managed Make to Order and another managed Make to Stock. The two figures are taken from OpenERP's Future Stock Forecast report, available from the product form.

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Change in stock for a product managed as Make to Stock

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Change in stock for a product managed as Make to Order

注解

Logistical Methods

The Make to Stock logistical approach is usually used for high volumes and when the demand is seasonal or otherwise easy to forecast. The Make to Order approach is used for products that are measured, or very costly to stock or have a short re-stocking time.

Supply Methods

OpenERP supports two supply methods:

  • Produce: when the product or service is supplied from internal resources,

  • Buy: when the product is bought from a supplier.

These are just the default settings used by the system during automated replenishment. The same product can be either manufactured internally or bought from a supplier.

These three fields (Supply Method, Procurem Method, Product Type) determine the system's behaviour when a product is required. The system will generate different documents depending on the configuration of these three fields when satisfying an order, a price quotation to a supplier or a manufacturing order.

OpenERP manages both stockable products and services. A service bought from a supplier in Make to Order mode, will generate a subcontract order from the supplier in question.

Figure Workflow for automatic procurement, dependent on the configuration of the product illustrates different cases for automatic procurement.

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Workflow for automatic procurement, dependent on the configuration of the product

The table below shows all possible cases for the figure Workflow for automatic procurement, dependent on the configuration of the product.

Consequences of Procurement Methods Make to Stock and Make To Order

Procurement Method

Produce

Buy

MTS

Wait for availability

Wait for availability

MTO

Production Order

Supplier Order

Consequences of Procurement Methods when using Services

Procurement Method

Produce

Buy

MTS

/

/

MTO

Create task

Subcontract

You'll see the automated management processes for procurement in detail further on in this chapter.

计量单位

OpenERP supports several units of measure. Quantities of the same product can be expressed in several units of measure at once. For example you can buy grain by the tonne and resell it by kg. You just have to make sure that all the units of measure used for a product are in the same units of measure category.

注解

Categories of units of measure

All units of measure in the same category are convertible from one unit to another.

The table below shows some examples of units of measure and their category. The factor is used to convert from one unit of measure to another as long as they are in the same category.

Example Units of Measure

UoM

Category

Rate

Kg

Weight

1

Gram

Weight

1000

Tonne

Weight

0.01

Hour

Working time

8

Day

Working time

1

Half-day

Working time

2

Item

Unit

1

100 Items

Unit

0.01

Depending on the table above you have 1Kg = 1000g = 0.001 Tonnes. A product in the Weight category could be expressed in Kg, Tonnes or Grammes. You can't express them in hours or pieces.

Use the menu Products ‣ Configuration ‣ Units of Measure ‣ Units of Measure to define a new unit of measure.

In the definition of a Unit of Measure, you have a Rounding precision factor which shows how amounts are rounded after the conversion. A value of 1 gives rounding to the level of one unit. 0.01 gives rounding to one hundredth.

注解

Secondary Units

OpenERP supports double units of measure. When you use this, the whole of the stock management system is encoded in two units that don't have a real link between them.

This is very useful in the agro-food industry, for example: you sell ham by the piece but invoice by the Kg. A weighing operation is needed before invoicing the customer.

To activate the management options for double units of measure, assign the group Useability / Product UoS View to your user.

In this case the same product can be expressed in two units of measure belonging to different categories. You can then distinguish between the unit of stock management (the piece) and the unit of invoicing or sale (kg).

In the product form you can then set one unit of measure for sales and stock management, and one unit of measure for purchases.

These units are given suggested titles. For each operation on a product you can use another unit of measure, as long as it can be found in the same category as the two units already defined. If you use another unit of measure, OpenERP automatically handles the conversion of prices and quantities.

So if you have 430 Kg of carrots at 5.30 EUR/Kg, OpenERP will automatically make the conversion if you want to sell in tonnes – 0.43 tonnes at 5300 EUR / tonne. If you had set a rounding factor of 0.1 for the tonne unit of measure then OpenERP will tell you that you have only 0.4 tonnes available.