This is the documentation for older versions of Odoo (formerly OpenERP).

See the new Odoo user documentation.

See the new Odoo technical documentation.

Импорт / экспорт

Managing import / export with foreign companies can sometimes be very complex. Between a departure port and the destination company, products can get stopped for several weeks at sea or somewhere in the numerous transportation stages and customs. To manage such deliveries efficiently it is important to:

  • знать, где находятся ваши продукты,

  • know when they are likely to arrive at their destination,

  • знать стоимость товарно-материальных ценностей в пути,

  • следить за развитием различных шагов.

Linked locations in OpenERP enable you to manage all this rather elegantly. You can use a structure like this:

  • Поставщики (Suppliers)

    • Европейские поставщики (European Suppliers)

    • Китайские поставщики (Chinese Suppliers)

  • В пути (In transit)

    • Порт Шанхай (Shanghai Port)

    • Тихий океан (Pacific Ocean)

    • Порт Сан-Франциско (San Francisco Port)

    • Таможня Сан-Франциско (San Francisco Customs)

Запасы (Stock)

The transit locations are linked between themselves with a manual confirmation step. The internal stock move is validated at each port and customs arrival. OpenERP prepares all the linked moves automatically.

Примечание

Интрастат (Intrastat)

Компании, которые производят операции импорта / экспорта, должны установить модуль report_intrastat. Это дает им возможность готовить отчеты, необходимые для декларирования экспортируемых продуктов.

You can use the lead times between different locations to account for real delays. Your lead times and stock forecasts are calculated by OpenERP to estimate the arrival of incoming products, so that you can respond to a customer's needs as precisely as possible.

Вы также можете оценивать продукты в пути на ваших счетах в зависимости от выбранных настроек расположения запасов.

Rental Locations

You can manage rental locations in OpenERP very simply using the same system of linked locations. Using the stock_location module you can set a return date for rental items sent to a customer location after a certain rental period.

Затем установите ежедневную обработку реальных и виртуальных запасов в реальном времени. Различные операции, такие как отправка и получение по прошествии нескольких дней будут автоматически готовиться системой OpenERP, что упрощает работу, связанную с вводом данных.

You then have the product list found in the customer locations and your own stock in your stock location. The list of waiting goods receipts is automatically generated by OpenERP using the location links.

Suppose you want to rent a product (PC3) to your customer (Axelor) for 30 days. Two stock movement entries are needed to manage this scenario:

  1. Product goes from Stock (your company's location) to Axelor - Rental Location (your customer location).

  2. Product will be returned into Stock (your company's location) from Axelor - Rental Location (your customer location) after 30 days.

To manage rental products by linking locations, configure a rental location (Axelor - Rental Location) as shown in the following figure using the menu Warehouse ‣ Configuration ‣ Warehouse Management ‣ Locations.

/doc_static/6.0/_images/stock_rental_location.png

Configuration of a Rental Location `Axelor - Rental Location`

Through the menu Warehouse ‣ Traceability ‣ Stock Moves, you can create a stock movement entry from Stock to Customer Location (Axelor - Rental Location) in OpenERP for a rental product (PC3).

/doc_static/6.0/_images/stock_move_rental_location.png

Stock Movement Entry to Send the Product `PC3` to the Customer Location

The stock movement entry from Customer Location (Axelor - Rental Location) to Stock is generated automatically on the proper Scheduled Date by OpenERP when you have confirmed the previous stock movement entry by clicking the Process Now button.

The same principle is used for internal stock to generate quality control for certain products.

Продукты на ответственном хранении

Принцип связанных расположений используется для управления продуктов на ответственном хранении. Вы можете указать, что некоторые продукты должны быть возвращены вам по истечении некоторого количества дней после того, как они были доставлены контрагенту.

When the products have been delivered, OpenERP automatically creates goods receipts for the consigned product. The specified date is obviously approximate but enables you to forecast returns.