This is the documentation for older versions of Odoo (formerly OpenERP).

See the new Odoo user documentation.

See the new Odoo technical documentation.

Управление Доставками

To manage deliveries in OpenERP, you can install the delivery module. To do that, use the Reconfigure wizard and select Delivery Costs under the Sales Application Configuration section for installation.

This module enables you to manage:

  • различными службами доставки (carriers), с которыми вы работаете,

  • the different transport methods,

  • расчетом себестоимости и выставления счетов по каждой доставке,

  • the transport methods and their tariffs.

Once the delivery module has been installed, the first thing to do is to configure the different modes of delivery accepted by your company. Go to the menu Warehouse ‣ Configuration ‣ Delivery ‣ Delivery Method to create your company's delivery modes.

Для каждого режима доставки вы должны определить следующие элементы:

  • Название режима доставки (Name of the delivery mode),

  • The partner associated with the transport (which can be your own company),

  • Соответствующий продукт (The associated product).

Let's give you an example:

Example Delivery Modes

Carrier

Carrier Partner

Delivery Product

Экспресс-доставка (Express Track)

Почта (Mail Office)

Express Track Delivery

Срочная курьерская доставка (Priority Courier)

Почта (Mail Office)

Courier Express Delivery

EFG Standard

EFG Inc

Delivery EFG

EFG Express

EFG Inc

Delivery EFG Express

Information about the invoicing of transport (such as accounts, applicable taxes) is entered in the product linked to the delivery mode. Ideally the product should be configured with Product Type Service and Procurement Method Make to Stock.

You can use the same product for several delivery modes. This simplifies the configuration, but it has the disadvantage that you will not be able to separate your sales figures by delivery mode.

Tariff Grids

Unlike ordinary products, delivery prices are not proposed through pricelists but through delivery grids, designed specifically for this purpose. For each delivery mode, you enter one or several tariff grids. Each grid is used for a given region/destination.

Например, для почтовых тарифов для Срочной курьерской доставки, вы обычно определяете три тарифных сетки для Почты (пример приведен для Европы):

  • National Courier,

  • Courier in Europe,

  • Курьерская за пределами Европы (Courier Outside Europe).

To define a new delivery grid, use the menu Warehouse ‣ Configuration ‣ Delivery ‣ Delivery Pricelist. Give a name to your delivery grid and define the region for which the tariffs in the grid will apply in the second tab Destination. There you can set:

  • Список стран (например для Англии или Европы),

  • Список штатов,

  • A range of postal codes (for Paris you might have 75000 – 75900).

Then you have to set the rules for calculating the transport price in the first tab Grid definition. First of all, give the rule a name. Then set the condition for which this rule is applicable, for example Weight < 0.5kg.

Примечание

Веса

Weights are always expressed in kilograms. You can define a number with a decimal point or comma, so to set 500g you would put 0.5 in the weight rule.

Next you can set the sales price and the cost price. Prices can be expressed in various ways:

  • фиксированная цена,

  • a variable price, as a function of weight, volume, weight x volume or price.

For example, mailing within France using current tariffs would be defined as shown in the table below:

Example Tariff Rules

Название (Name)

Условие (Condition)

Цена (Price)

Price Type

S

Вес < 3 кг (Weight < 3 kg)

6.90

Фиксированная (Fixed)

M

Вес < 5 кг (Weight < 5 kg)

7.82

Фиксированная (Fixed)

L

Вес < 6 кг (Weight < 6 kg)

8.53

Фиксированная (Fixed)

XL

Вес < 7 кг (Weight < 7 kg)

9.87

Фиксированная (Fixed)

You can also define rules that depend on the total amount on the order. For example to offer fixed price delivery if the total order amount is greater than 150 USD, add the following rule:

Additional Tariff Rule

Название (Name)

Условие (Condition)

Цена (Price)

Price Type

Всего > 150 долл. (Franked > 150 USD)

Цена > 150 USD (Price > 150 USD)

10

Фиксированная (Fixed)

Delivery Modes

Once the delivery modes and their corresponding tariffs have been defined, you can use them in a Sales Order. There are two methods for doing that in OpenERP.

  • Delivery based on Ordered Quantities,

  • Delivery based on Shipped Quantities.

Delivery based on Ordered Quantities

To add the delivery charges (or transport costs) to the quotation, use the button Delivery Costs available on the Sales Order tab of the form. A dialog box opens, asking you to select a delivery mode from the list available.

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Adding Transport Costs to an Order

Once the delivery mode has been selected, OpenERP automatically adds a line to the quotation with the amount calculated by the delivery function. This technique enables you to calculate the delivery charge based on the order and then, separately, how the products will really be delivered to the customer.

If you want to calculate the exact delivery charges depending on the actual deliveries, you must use invoicing based on deliveries.

Delivery based on Shipped Quantities

To invoice the delivery according to the items shipped, you set the delivery mode in the Delivery Method field on the second tab of the order, Other Information, to Invoice from Delivery.

You can then confirm the order, and when the goods are available you can also validate the delivery order.

The transport costs will not be added to the sales order, but only to the invoice. When the manager has generated the invoices corresponding to the deliveries carried out, OpenERP automatically adds a line on each invoice corresponding to the delivery charge, calculated on the basis of the items actually sent.