Para conectarse con OpenERP¶
Since this is the first time you have connected to OpenERP, you will be given the opportunity to select openERP's featured application
You first screen show you different Apllications of openerp you can install any from it as per your requirement. Hardly anything is installed, so this is a very simple process at the moment.
Once you are displaying the main menu, you are able to see the following screen items, as shown in screenshot The Main Menu of the openerp_ch02 database:
The name of current user,
the Preferences toolbar to the top right, showing the links to the Change password page, Receiving Email from for system, EDIT PREFERENCES page, About OpenERP, Help and Logout button,
a collection of interesting and useful widgets are available on the left of the main page.
Barra de herramientas de preferencias¶
When you are connected to OpenERP, the topmost toolbar indicates which user you are connected as. So it should currently be showing Administrator (unless you logged in as another user and it is reflecting the name of that user instead).
You will find the Preferences when you click on current user name, its containing a set of useful links. First, you will find a field to the Receive Messages by Email page.
Multi-nationals and Time Zones
If you have users in different countries, they can configure their own timezone. Timestamp displays are then adjusted by reference to the user's own localization setting.
So if you have a team in India and a team in England, the times will automatically be converted. If an Indian employee sets her working hours from 9 to 6, that will be converted and saved in the server's timezone. When the English users want to set up a meeting with an Indian user, the Indian user's available time will be converted to English time.
The Compose new Message Icon is found beside the User name link. It is only visible if you are logged into a database. You can click on that and compose a new mail at any time.
The next element in the toolbar is a link to Timezone mismatch. By clicking that Icon, you get a dialog box where you find a link which forward on preference changes.
The Interface field in the Current Activity tab allows the user to switch between the Simplified and Extended interfaces.
The Language field enables the user's working language to be changed. But first, the system must be loaded with other languages for the user to be able to choose an alternative, which is described in the next subsection of this chapter. This is a mandatory field.
The Timezone setting indicates the user's location to OpenERP. This can be different from that of the server. All of the dates in the system are converted to the user's timezone automatically.
The Menu Tips checkbox gives the user the choice to have tips displayed on each menu action.
The Change Password button gives users the opportunity to change their own password. It opens a new dialog box where users may change the password and must logout and login again after the change. You should take steps (perhaps written policies) to prevent users making these too trivial.
The Email field is for storing the current user's default e-mail address.
The Signature field gives the user a place for the signature attached to messages sent from within OpenERP.
The ABOUT link gives information about the development of the OpenERP software and various links to other information.
The HELP link directs the user to the online documentation of OpenERP, where extensive help is available on a host of topics.
The LOGOUT link enables you to logout and return to the original login page. You can then login to another database, or to the same database as another user. This page also gives you access to the super-administrator functions for managing databases on this server.
Instalando un nuevo idioma¶
Each user of the system can work in his or her own language. More than twenty languages are currently available besides English. Users select their working language using the Preferences link. You can also assign a language to a partner (customer or supplier), in which case all the documents sent to that partner will be automatically translated into that language.
More about Languages
The base version of OpenERP is translated into the following languages: English, German, Chinese, Spanish, Italian, Hungarian, Dutch, Portuguese, Romanian, Swedish and Czech.
But other languages are also available: Arabic, Afghan, Austrian, Bulgarian, Indonesian, Finnish, Thai, Turkish and Vietnamese..
As administrator, you can install a new main working language into the system.
Select Settings in the Menu Toolbar and click Translations ‣ Load a Translation in the main menu window,
Select the language to install, French for example, and click Load,
The system will intimate you when the selected language has been successfully installed. Click Close to return to the menu.
To see the effects of this installation, change the preferences of your user to change the working language (you may first need to ensure that you have explicitly selected English as your language, rather than keep the default, before you are given the French option). You may have to reload the page to see the effects. The main menu is immediately translated in the selected language.
Mensajería como mecanismo de comunicación interna¶
Facilitates conversations with internal users or external ones (customers, suppliers,...), joining the power of instant messaging with standard emails ;
Organize groups of discussions, an alternative to traditional mailing lists ;
Extends the breadth of these conversations to incorporate discussions around and about business documents ;
Incorporates a subscription system to any business event, generating notifications ;
Displays all the messages and notifications in a threaded manner on the user’s unified feeds page.
The database you created contains minimal functionality but can be extended to include all of the potential functionality available to OpenERP. About the only functions actually available in this minimal database are Customers and Currencies – and these only because the definition of your main company required this. And because you chose to include demonstration data, both Customers and Currencies were installed with some samples.
Because you logged in as Administrator, you have all the access you need to configure users. Click Settings ‣ Users ‣ Users to display the list of users defined in the system. A second user, Demo User , is also present in the system as part of the demonstration data. Click the Demo User name to open a non-editable form on that user.
Click the Access Rights tab to see that the demo user is a member of only the Employee group, and is subject to no specialized rules. The user Administrator is different, as you can see if you follow the same sequence to review its definition. It is a member of the Administration / Settings and the Administration / Access Rights groups, which gives it more advanced rights to configure new users.
Grupos y usuarios
Users and groups provide the structure for specifying access rights to different documents. Their setup answers the question “Who has access to what?”
Click Settings ‣ Users ‣ Groups to open the list of groups defined in the system. If you open the form view of the Administration / Settings group by clicking its name in the list, the first tab Users gives you the list of all the users who belong to this group.
You can also see in the Menus tab, the list of menus reserved for this group. By convention, the Administration / Settings in OpenERP has rights of access to the Configuration menu in each section. So Sales / Configuration is found in the list of access rights but Sales is not found there because it is accessible to all users. Click the Access Rights tab and it gives you details of the access rights for that group. These are detailed later in Administración y configuración.
You can create some new users to integrate them into the system. Assign them to predefined groups to grant them certain access rights. Then try their access rights when you login as these users. Management defines these access rights as described in Administración y configuración.
Changes to Default Access Rights
New versions of OpenERP differ from earlier versions of OpenERP and Tiny ERP in this area: many groups have been predefined and access to many of the menus and objects are keyed to these groups by default. This is quite a contrast to the rather liberal approach in 4.2.2 and before, where access rights could be defined but were not activated by default.
In OpenERP, a partner represents an entity that you do business with. That can be a prospect, a customer, a supplier, or even an employee of your company.
Lista de Partners¶
Click Sales ‣ Sales ‣ Customers in the main menu to open the list of partners who are customers. Then click the name of the first partner to get hold of the details – a form appears with information about the company, such as its corporate name, its primary language, its reference and whether it is a Customer and/or a Supplier . You will also find several other tabs on it:
The Customer form contains information about different contacts at that partner, postal information, communication information and the categories it belongs to.
the Sales & Purchases tab contains information that is slightly less immediate.
the History tab (visible if you install other modules like crm) contains the history of all the events that the partner has been involved in. These events are created automatically by different system documents: invoices, orders, support requests and so on, from a list that can be configured in the system. These give you a rapid view of the partner's history on a single screen.
the Internal Notes is an area for free text notes.
To the Top of the form There is a button name More is a list of Actions, Links and related to a partner. Click some of them to get a feel for their use.The print button contain the list of report and the Attachment button for attachment (Attachement button visible if you install modules Document).
Categorías de partners
Partner Categories enable you to segment different partners according to their relation with you (client, prospect, supplier, and so on). A partner can belong to several categories – for example it may be both a customer and supplier at the same time.
But there are also Customer and Supplier checkboxes on the partner form, which are different. These checkboxes are designed to enable OpenERP to quickly select what should appear on some of the system drop-down selection boxes. They, too, need to be set correctly.
Categorías de partners¶
You can list your partners by category or you can say by tags using the menu Sales ‣ Configuration ‣ Address Book ‣ Partners Tags. Click a tag to obtain a list of partners in that category.
The administrator can define new categories. So you will create a new category and link it to a partner:
Use Sales ‣ Configuration ‣ Address Book ‣ Partners Categories to reach the list of categories in a list view.
Click Create to open an empty form for creating a new category
Enter Gold in the field Name. Then click on the Search icon to the right of the Parent Category field and select Partner in the list that appears.
Then save your new category using the Save button.
You may add exiting partners to this new category in the Partners section.
Fields colored blue are required. If you try to save the form while any of these fields are empty, the field turns red to indicate that there is a problem. It is impossible to save the form until you have completed every required field.
You can review your new category structure using the list view. You should see the new structure of Partner / Gold there.
If you need to search through a long list of partners, it is best to use the available search criteria rather than scroll through the whole partner list. It is a habit that will save you a lot of time in the long run as you search for all kinds of documents.
Example Categories of Partners
A partner can be assigned to several categories. These enable you to create alternativen classifications as necessary, usually in a hierarchical form.
Here are some structures that are often used:
interest in certain product lines,
subscriptions to newsletters,
type of industry.