Comenzando con OpenERP¶
You will now explore the database openerp_ch02 with these profile modules installed to give you an insight into the coverage of the core OpenERP software.
Translating New Modules
When you have installed a new module and are using additional languages to English, you have to reload the translation file. New terms introduced in these modules are not translated by default. To do this use Settings ‣ Translations ‣ Load an Official Translation.
Depending on the user you are connected as, the page appears differently. Using the installation sequence above, certain kanban may be assigned as various users' home pages. They show a summary of the information required to start the day effectively. A project kanban might contain:
Display numbers of tasks,
Display numbers of issues,
Display numbers of phases,
Show the team members,
Display spend time from assign planned time.
Each user has access to many menu items from the menu. But in general, an employee uses only a small part of the system's functions.
The following sections present an overview of the main functions of OpenERP. Some areas are covered in more detail in the following chapters of this book and you will find many other functions available in the optional modules. Functions are presented in the order that they appear on the main menu.
Partners y contactos¶
To get familiar with the OpenERP user interface, you will start working with information about partners. Clicking Sales ‣ Address Book ‣ Customers brings up a list of partners that were automatically loaded when you created the database with Load Demonstration Data checked.
Buscar un partner¶
Above the partner list you will see a search form that enables you to quickly filter the partners.
The Customers filter is enabled by default showing partners who are customers. If you have applied no filter, the Kanban shows every partner in the system. For space reasons, this view shows few partners. If you want to display other records, you can search for them or show whole kanban using the Show more...(X remaining) Button at the end.
In the web version, if you click the name of a partner, the form view corresponding to that partner opens in Read-Only mode.Once you have a form, you can toggle between the two modes by clicking Save or Cancel when in Edit mode and Edit when in Read-Only mode.
Formulario de partner¶
El formulario de partner contiene varios segmentos, todos hacen referencia al apunte actual:
Sales & Purchases,
The fields in a tab are not all of the same type – some (such as Name) contain free text, some (such as the Language) enable you to select a value from a list of options, others give you a view of another object (such as Partner Contacts – because a partner can have several contacts) or a list of links to another object (such as Partner Categories). There are checkboxes (such as the Active field in the Sales & Purchases tab), numeric fields (such as Credit Limit in the Accounting tab) and date fields (such as Date).
The History tab gives a quick overview of partner activities – an overview of useful information such as Leads and Opportunities, Meetings, Phone Calls, Emails and Tasks. Events are generated automatically by OpenERP from changes in other documents that refer to this partner.
It is possible to add events manually which directly relate to the corresponding form, such as a note recording a phone call. To add a new event click New in the Phone Calls section. That opens a new Phone Call pop-up form enabling a phone-call event to be created and added to the current partner.
Acciones posibles del partner¶
To top center of the partner form is a Button named Print containing a list of possible Reports , and button named More containing Actions and quick Links about the partner displayed in the form.
You can generate PDF documents for the selected object (or, in list view, about one or more selected objects) using certain buttons in the Print button
Labels : print address labels for the selected partners,
Overdue Payments : print a letter to notify the selected partners of overdue payments,
Certain actions can be started by the following buttons in the Actions section of the More button
Mass Mailing: enables you to send an email to a selection of partners,
Partners are used throughout the OpenERP system in other documents. For example, the menu Sales ‣ Sales Orders brings up all the Sales Orders in list view. Open an order in form view and click the name of a partner, even when the form is read-only. The Partner form will open.
In OpenERP, product is used to define a raw material, a stockable product, a consumable or a service. You can work with whole products or with templates that separate the definition of products and variants (extra module).
For example, if you sell t-shirts in different sizes and colors:
the product template is the “T-shirt” which contains information common to all sizes and all colors,
the variants are “Size:S” and “Color:Red”, which define the parameters for that size and color,
the final product is thus the combination of the two – T-shirt in size S and color Red.
The value of this approach, for some sectors, is that you can just define a template in detail and all of its available variants briefly, rather than every item as an entire product.
Example Product Templates and Variants
A product can be defined as a whole or as a product template and several variants. The variants can be in one or several dimensions, depending on the installed modules.
For example, if you work in textiles, the variants on the product template for “T-shirt” are:
Size (S, M, L, XL, XXL),
Colour (white, grey, black, red),
Quality of Cloth (125g/m2, 150g/m2, 160g/m2, 180g/m2),
Collar (V, Round).
This separation of variant types requires the optional module product_variant_multi. Using it means that you can avoid an explosion in the number of products to manage in the database. If you take the example above, it is easier to manage a template with 15 variants in four different types than 160 completely different products. This module is available in extra-addons.
The Sales ‣ Products menu gives you access to the definition of products and their templates and variants.
In OpenERP, a consumable is a physical product which is treated like a stockable product, with the exception that stock management is not taken into account by the system. You could buy it, deliver it or produce it but OpenERP will always assume that there is enough of it in stock. It never triggers a procurement exception.
Open a product form to see the information that describes it. The demonstration data show several types of products, which gives quite a good overview of the options.
Price lists (Sales ‣ Configuration ‣ Pricelists) determine the purchase and selling prices and adjustments derived from the use of different currencies. The Default Purchase Pricelist uses the product's Cost Price field for the Purchase price to be calculated. The Public Pricelist uses the product's Sale Price field to calculate the Sales price in quotations.
Price lists are extremely flexible and enable you to put a complete price management policy in place. They are composed of simple rules that enable you to build up a rule set for most complex situations: multiple discounts, selling prices based on purchase prices, price reductions, promotions on product ranges and so on.
You can find many optional modules to extend product functionality, such as:
membership : for managing the subscriptions of members of a company,
product_electronic : for managing electronic products,
product_extended : for managing production costs,
product_expiry : for agro-food products where items must be retired after a certain period,
product_lot_foundry : for managing forged metal products.
All of the above modules are found in extra-addons, except for the membership and the product_expiry module.
Impulsa tus ventas¶
OpenERP provides many tools for managing relationships with partners. These are available through the Sales menu.
CRM & SRM
CRM stands for Customer Relationship Management, a standard term for systems that manage client and customer relations. SRM stands for Supplier Relationship Management, and is commonly used for functions that manage your communications with your suppliers.
Through Customer Relationship Management, OpenERP allows you to keep track of:
Helpdesk and Support
OpenERP ensures that each case is handled effectively by the system's users, customers and suppliers. It can automatically reassign a case, track it for the new owner, send reminders by email and raise other OpenERP documentation and processes.
All operations are archived, and an email gateway lets you update a case automatically from emails sent and received. A system of rules enables you to set up actions that can automatically improve your process quality by ensuring that open cases never escape attention.
As well as those functions, you have got tools to improve the productivity of all staff in their daily work:
an email client plugin for Outlook and Thunderbird enabling you to automatically store your emails and their attachments in the Knowledge Management (previously Document Management System) integrated with OpenERP,
interfaces to synchronize your Contacts and Calendars with OpenERP,
sync your meetings on your mobile phone,
build a 360° view on your Customer,
integration with Google applications.
You can implement a continuous improvement policy for all of your services, by using some of the statistical tools in OpenERP to analyze the different communications with your partners. With these, you can execute a real improvement policy to manage your service quality.
The management of customer relationships is detailed in the second section of this book (see Administrando la relación con tus clientes).
Administra tus libros contables¶
The chapters in Administra tus libros contables in this book are dedicated to general and analytic accounting. Following is a brief overview of the functions to introduce you to this Business Application.
Accounting is totally integrated into all of the company's functions, whether it is general, analytic, budgetary or auxiliary accounting. OpenERP's accounting function is double-entry and supports multiple company divisions and multiple companies, as well as multiple currencies and languages.
Accounting that is integrated throughout all of the company's processes greatly simplifies the work of entering accounting data, because most of the entries are generated automatically while other documents are being processed. You can avoid entering data twice in OpenERP, which is commonly a source of errors and delays.
So OpenERP's accounting is not just for financial reporting – it is also the anchor-point for many of the company's management processes. For example, if one of your accountants puts a customer on credit hold, then that will immediately block any other action related to that company's credit (such as sales or delivery).
OpenERP also provides integrated analytical accounting, which enables management by business activity or project and provides very detailed levels of analysis. You can control your operations based on business management needs, rather than on the charts of accounts that generally meet only statutory requirements.
OpenERP has added a flexible, easy Invoicing module allowing you to keep track of your documents and payments, even when you are not an accountant. This will allow smaller businesses to keep track of their payments without having to implement a complete accounting system.
Keep track of your Cash Moves by using the new OpenERP Cash Box.
Dirige e inspira a tu gente¶
OpenERP's Human Resources Management Business Application provides functionality such as:
Administra tus empleados, contratos y personal de desempeño
Adquisición de talento
Keep track of Holidays and Sickness Leaves,
Manage the Evaluation Process,
Keep track of Attendances & Timesheets,
Most of these functions are provided from optional modules whose name starts with hr_ rather than the core hr module, but they are all loaded into the main Human Resources menu.
The different issues are handled in detail in the fourth part of this book Administración efectiva de tus operaciones, dedicated to internal organization and to the management of a services business.
Maneja tus proyectos¶
OpenERP's project management tools enable you to define tasks and specify requirements for those tasks, efficient allocation of resources to the requirements, project planning, scheduling and automatic communication with partners.
All projects are hierarchically structured. You can review all of the projects from the menu Project ‣ Projects. Then select Gantt view to obtain a graphical representation of the project.
You can run projects related to Services or Support, Production or Development – it is a universal module for all enterprise needs.
Gestión de proyectos es descrito en Maneja tus proyectos.
Manejando tus ventas¶
The Sales menu gives you roughly the same functionality as the Purchases menu – the ability to create new orders and to review the existing orders in their various states – but there are important differences in the workflows.
Confirmation of an order triggers the delivery of goods, and invoicing timing is defined by a setting in each individual order.
Delivery charges can be managed using a grid of tariffs for different carriers.
Manejando tus compras¶
Purchases enables you to track your suppliers' price quotations and convert them into Purchase Orders as you require. OpenERP has several methods of monitoring invoices and tracking the receipt of ordered goods.
You can handle partial deliveries in OpenERP, so you can keep track of items that are still to be delivered on your orders, and you can issue reminders automatically.
OpenERP's replenishment management rules enable the system to generate draft purchase orders automatically, or you can configure it to run a lean process, driven entirely by current production needs.
You can also manage purchase requisitions to keep track of quotations sent to a multitude of suppliers.
Organiza tu almacen¶
The various sub-menus under Warehouse together provide operations you need to manage stock. You can:
define tus almacenes y estructura alrededor de las ubicaciones que selecciones,
manage inventory rotation and stock levels,
execute packing orders generated by the system,
execute deliveries with delivery notes and calculate delivery charges,
manage lots and serial numbers for traceability,
calculate theoretical stock levels and automate stock valuation,
create rules for automatic stock replenishment.
Packing orders and deliveries are usually defined automatically by calculating requirements based on sales. Stores staff use picking lists generated by OpenERP, produced automatically in order of priority.
Stock management is, like accounting, double-entry. So stocks do not appear and vanish magically within a warehouse, they just get moved from place to place. And, just like accounting, such a double-entry system gives you big advantages when you come to audit stock because each missing item has a counterpart somewhere.
Most stock management software is limited to generating lists of products in warehouses. Because of its double-entry system, OpenERP automatically manages customer and suppliers stocks as well, which has many advantages: complete traceability from supplier to customer, management of consigned stock, and analysis of counterpart stock moves.
Furthermore, just like accounts, stock locations are hierarchical, so you can carry out analyses at various levels of detail.
Resuelve la manufactura¶
OpenERP's production management capabilities enable companies to plan, automate and track manufacturing and product assembly. OpenERP supports multi-level bills of materials and lets you substitute sub-assemblies dynamically, at the time of sales ordering. You can create virtual sub-assemblies for re-use on several products with phantom bills of materials.
BOMs, Routing, Workcenters
These documents describe the materials that make up a larger assembly. They are commonly called Bills of Materials or BOMs.
They are linked to routings which list the operations needed to carry out the manufacturing or assembly of the product.
Each operation is carried out at a workcenter, which can be a machine or a person.
Production orders based on your company's requirements are scheduled automatically by the system, but you can also run the schedulers manually whenever you want. Orders are worked out by calculating the requirements from sales, through bills of materials, taking current inventory into account. The production schedule is also generated from the various lead times defined throughout the system, using the same route.
The demonstration data contain a list of products and raw materials with various classifications and ranges. You can test the system using this data.
Mide tu desempeño empresarial¶
Para medir el desempeño de tu empresa OpenERP, otorga dos funcionalidades interesantes:
On a single page, Dashboards give you an overview of all the information that is important to you. In OpenERP, each application has its own dashboard which opens by default when you select the specific application. For example, Administration Dashboard will open when you click the Administration menu.
Unlike most other ERP systems and classic statistic-based systems, OpenERP can provide dashboards for all system users, and not just managers and accountants.
Each user can have his own dashboard, adapted to his needs, enabling him to manage his own work effectively. For example, a developer using the Project Dashboard can see information such as a list of open tasks, tasks delegated to him and an analysis of the progress of the relevant projects.
Dashboards are dynamic, letting you navigate easily around the entire information base. Using the icons above a graph, for example, you can filter the data or zoom into the graph. You can click any element of the list to get detailed statistics on the selected element.
Dashboards can be customized to fit the needs of each user and each company.
Creating or Customizing Dashboards
OpenERP contains a Dashboard Editor. Create your own dashboard to fit your specific needs in only a few clicks. Go to the Administration ‣ Customization ‣ Reporting ‣ Dashboard Definition menu to define your own dashboard.
The Statistical Analysis is one of the crucial thing for decision making process in any business. OpenERP provides Statistical Reports for each application. For example, you can access the statistical analysis of Sales-related information from the menu Sales ‣ Reporting ‣ Sales Analysis. You can search and group the data using this Statistical Report.
Sigue tus flujos de procesos¶
Many documents have a workflow of their own, and also take part in cross-functional processes. Take a document that could be expected to have a workflow, such as a Sales Order, and then click the ? button above its form to see the full process.
You can see where a particular document is in its process, if you have selected a single document, by the solid bar on one of the process nodes. You also link to documents and menus for each of the stages.
There is a clear distinction between a cross-functional process and the detailed document workflow that is shown in client from a debug mode.
Alongside the document management system, the process visualization features make OpenERP far better for documentation than similar systems.
You have been guided through a brisk, brief overview of many of the main functional areas of OpenERP. Some of these – a large proportion of the core modules – are treated in more detail in the following chapters.
You can use the menu Settings ‣ Modules ‣ Modules to find the remaining modules that have been loaded into your installation but not yet installed in your database. Some modules have only minor side-effects to OpenERP (such as google_docs), some have quite extensive effects (such as the various charts of accounts), and some make fundamental additions.
But there are now more than hundred modules available. You can install them according to your needs.
A brief description is available for each module, but the most thorough way of understanding their functionality is to install one and try it. So, pausing only to prepare another test database to try it out on, just download and install the modules that appear interesting.
Pistas y trucos¶
Revisión de teclas rápidas¶
Shortcuts in a relation field
What does it do?
Add new Field/Line on the fly
Look up information
Zoom on current field
Shortcuts in text entries
What does it do?
Copy selected text
Paste selected text
Cut selected text
Auto-complete text field
Previous editable widget
Next editable widget
The Advanced Search View is a new feature of OpenERP v7 which provides a very user-friendly filtering mechanism for the end user to easily look up desired records from the list.
The perfect example of an advanced search view is the Statistical Report of OpenERP. Such a report shows the statistical summary with filtered results to the end user.
Usually an Advanced Search is composed of three elements, the Filter buttons at the top, the Extended Filters, and the Group by option. These filters are dynamic, so according to filters you apply, extra columns may be added to the view.
You can also easily combine filters; an arrow will be displayed and you will get a structure according to the order in which you clicked the Filter buttons.
Let's show an example. The statistical report for project tasks is Task Analysis which can be displayed using the menu Reporting ‣ Project ‣ Tasks Analysis when you have installed the Project Management module.
You can see the Advanced Search View at the top right area.
You can filter the information of a task according to the Group by features.
Click, for instance, the Project in Group by from the filter, and then click Stage to analyse your tasks by project and then by stages.
This Advanced Search View can also be attached to any Kanban or List View of an object and hence increase the search facility when a user looks up the record in list view.