Import / Export¶
Managing import / export with foreign companies can sometimes be very complex. Between a departure port and the destination company, products can get stopped for several weeks at sea or somewhere in the numerous transportation stages and customs. To manage such deliveries efficiently it is important to:
know where your products are,
know when they are likely to arrive at their destination,
know your value in transit,
follow the development of the different steps.
Linked locations in OpenERP enable you to manage all this rather elegantly. You can use a structure like this:
San Francisco Port
San Francisco Customs
The transit locations are linked between themselves with a manual confirmation step. The internal stock move is validated at each port and customs arrival. OpenERP prepares all the linked moves automatically.
Companies that do import / export should install the module report_intrastat. This enables them to prepare the reports needed to declare product exports.
You can use the lead times between different locations to account for real delays. Your lead times and stock forecasts are calculated by OpenERP to estimate the arrival of incoming products, so that you can respond to a customer's needs as precisely as possible.
You can also value the products in transit in your account depending on the chosen stock location configuration.
You can manage rental locations in OpenERP very simply using the same system of linked locations. Using the stock_location module you can set a return date for rental items sent to a customer location after a certain rental period.
Then the set of real and virtual stocks is maintained daily in real time. The different operations such as delivery and receipt after a few days are automatically suggested by OpenERP which simplifies the work of data entry.
You then have the product list found in the customer locations and your own stock in your stock location. The list of waiting goods receipts is automatically generated by OpenERP using the location links.
Suppose you want to rent a product (PC3) to your customer (Axelor) for 30 days. Two stock movement entries are needed to manage this scenario:
Product goes from Stock (your company's location) to Axelor - Rental Location (your customer location).
Product will be returned into Stock (your company's location) from Axelor - Rental Location (your customer location) after 30 days.
To manage rental products by linking locations, configure a rental location (Axelor - Rental Location) as shown in the following figure using the menu Warehouse ‣ Configuration ‣ Warehouse Management ‣ Locations.
Through the menu Warehouse ‣ Traceability ‣ Stock Moves, you can create a stock movement entry from Stock to Customer Location (Axelor - Rental Location) in OpenERP for a rental product (PC3).
The stock movement entry from Customer Location (Axelor - Rental Location) to Stock is generated automatically on the proper Scheduled Date by OpenERP when you have confirmed the previous stock movement entry by clicking the Process Now button.
The same principle is used for internal stock to generate quality control for certain products.
The principle of linked locations is used to manage consigned products. You can specify that certain products should be returned to you a certain number of days after they have been delivered to customers.
When the products have been delivered, OpenERP automatically creates goods receipts for the consigned product. The specified date is obviously approximate but enables you to forecast returns.